What is turbocharged?
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Turbocharging is a technology that uses the internal combustion engine to produce exhaust-driven air compressors. With the supercharger (Supercharger, Super-Charger) function is similar, both can increase into the internal combustion engine or boiler air flow, so that the machine efficiency. Commonly used in the car engine, through the use of exhaust emissions of heat and flow, turbocharger can enhance the horsepower output of the internal combustion engine.
The earliest turbochargers are used on sports cars or racing cars, so that the engine can get more power in racing races where engine displacement is limited.
As we all know, the engine is fueled by the combustion work in the cylinder to generate power, because the amount of fuel input is sucked into the cylinder by the amount of air, so the power generated by the engine will be limited, if the engine performance is already in the best State, and then increase the output power can only be compressed by more air into the cylinder to increase the amount of fuel, thereby enhancing the combustion work capacity. Therefore, under the current technical conditions, turbocharger is the only way to make the engine in the case of constant efficiency to increase the output power of the mechanical device.
We may feel that the turbocharger is very complex, in fact, not complicated, turbocharger is mainly composed of turbo chamber and supercharger. First, the turbine chamber inlet and engine exhaust manifold connected to the exhaust port is connected to the exhaust pipe. And then the supercharger inlet and air filter pipe connected to the exhaust port connected to the intake manifold, the last turbine and impeller were installed in the turbine chamber and supercharger, the two coaxial rigid connection. Such as a whole turbocharger device to do, your engine is like a computer CPU as "overclocked" the.
We usually say that the turbocharger is actually an air compressor, compressed air to increase the intake of the engine, in general, the turbocharger is the use of engine exhaust gas inertia momentum to promote the turbine chamber turbine , The turbine and drive the coaxial impeller, the impeller pressure sent by the air filter pipe sent air, so that the pressure into the cylinder. When the engine speed increases, the exhaust gas discharge speed and turbine speed are also synchronized faster, the impeller to compress more air into the cylinder, the air pressure and density increases can burn more fuel, the corresponding increase in fuel and adjust the engine Speed, you can increase the output power of the engine.
Turbocharged engine is to rely on turbocharger to increase the engine intake of an engine, turbocharger (Turbo) is actually an air compressor. It is the use of engine exhaust emissions as a driving force to promote the turbine chamber turbine (located in the exhaust), the turbine and drive the coaxial impeller is located in the inlet, the impeller to compress the fresh air from the air filter pipe, Into the cylinder. When the engine speed is accelerated, the exhaust gas discharge speed and the turbine speed are also synchronized to speed up, the degree of air compression can be increased, the engine intake rate correspondingly increased, you can increase the engine output power.
The biggest advantage of a turbocharged engine is that it can significantly increase the engine's power and torque without increasing the engine displacement. After the engine is equipped with a turbocharger, the maximum output power of the engine can be increased by about 40% or more compared to the non-turbocharger.